2020 年 07 月 11 日雅思考试真题机经

2020-07-16 16:51:29 发布 来源:雷哥雅思 阅读量:178

2020年711日雅思考试阅读回顾:

P1 洋娃娃的历史

P2 工作压力 Stress in Workplace

P3 大蜥蜴

部分答案及参考文章:

Passage 1:洋娃娃的历史

题型:填空+判断

技巧分析:对于这类顺序题型结合的篇章,在答案的分布上会存在两种情况:篇章完全正序,也就是各个题号和文章答案对应位置的顺序完全相同,这样定位起来只需要按照题目给出的顺序去做题,定位要求低。另外一种答案对应位置虽然在单个题型内有顺序,在篇章中位置有交叉,这样就要求学生在做题时最好使用平行阅读法,在定位某一段信息时,兼顾可能出现的所有题目,而不是只定位其中一个题型。

参考答案:

1. clay

2. goddesses

3. movable limbs

4. peg wooden dolls

5. wax

6. pulped wood / paper

7. china

8. TRUE

9. NOT GIVEN

10. TRUE

11. FALSE

12. TRUE

13. 待确认

Passage 2:工作压力 Stress in Workplace

题型:人名观点配对5+单选3+Summary填空6

技巧分析:人名观点的配对注意定位时关注全称和姓,并且这篇文章中人名是按照文章顺序给的,相对难度小。这样的篇章答案在全文的分布是不按照顺序来,所以在定位时,可以多练习如何最大化利用已读信息来确定答案,尽量避免重复阅读,以保证充分的做题时间。

参考答案:

14.  A

15. D

16. B

17. D

18. C

19. B

20. D

21. A

22. workplace injury

23. 16.6 weeks

24. 7%

25. golf

26. massage

27. workloads

参考文章与题目:

A How busy is too busy? For some it means having to miss the occasional long lunch; for others it means missing lunch altogether. For a few, it is not being able to take a “sickieonce a month. Then there is a group of people for whom working every evening and weekend is normal, and frantic is the tempo of their lives. For most senior executives, workloads swing between extremely busy and frenzied. The vice-president of the management consultancy AT Kearney and its head of telecommunications for the Asia-Pacific region, Neil Plumridge, says his work weeks vary from a manageable 45 hours to 80 hours, but average 60 hours.

 

B Three warning signs alert Plumridge about his workload: sleep, scheduling and family. He knows he has too much on when he gets less than six hours of sleep for three consecutive nights; when he is constantly having to reschedule appointments; “and the third one is on the family side, says Plumridge, the father of a three-year-old daughter, and expecting a second child in October. If I happen to miss a birthday or anniversary, I know things are out of control. Being too busy is highly subjective. But for any individual, the perception of being too busy over a prolonged period can start showing up as stress: disturbed sleep, and declining mental and physical health. National workers compensation figures show stress causes the most lost time of any workplace injury. Employees suffering stress are off work an average of 16.6 weeks. The effects of stress are also expensive. Comcare, the Federal Government insurer, reports that in 2003-04, claims for psychological injury accounted for 7% of claims but almost 27% of claim costs. Experts say the key to dealing with stress is not to focus on relief  a game of golf or a massage  but to reassess workloads. Neil Plumridge says he makes it a priority to work out what has to change; that might mean allocating extra resources to a job, allowing more time or changing expectations. The decision may take several days. He also relies on the advice of colleagues, saying his peers coach each other with business problems. Just a fresh pair of eyes over an issue can help, he says.

 

C Executive stress is not confined to big organizations. Vanessa Stoykov has been running her own advertising and public relations business for seven years, specializing in work for financial and professional services firms. Evolution Media has grown so fast that it debuted on the BRW Fast 100 list of fastest-growing small enterprises last year – just after Stoykov had her first child. Stoykov thrives on the mental stimulation of running her own business. Like everyone, I have the occasional day when I think my heads going to blow off, she says. Because of the growth phase the business is in, Stoykov has to concentrate on short-term stress relief weekends in the mountains, the occasional mental health day rather than delegating more work. She says: Were hiring more people, but you need to train them, teach them about the culture and the clients, so its actually more work rather than less.

 

D Identify the causes: Jan Elsnera, Melbourne psychologist who specializes in executive coaching, says thriving on a demanding workload is typical of senior executives and other high-potential business people. She says there is no one-size-fits-all approach to stress: some people work best with high-adrenalin periods followed by quieter patches, while others thrive under sustained pressure. “We could take urine and blood hormonal measures and pass a judgment of whether someones physiologically stressed or not, she says. But thats not going to give us an indicator of what their experience of stress is, and what the emotional and cognitive impacts of stress are going to be.

 

E Eisner’s practice is informed by a movement known as positive psychology, a school of thought that argues positive experiences feeling engaged, challenged, and that one is making a contribution to something meaningful  do not balance out negative ones such as stress; instead, they help people increase their resilience over time. Good stress, or positive experiences of being challenged and rewarded, is thus cumulative in the same way as bad stress. Elsner says many of the senior businesspeople she coaches are relying more on regulating bad stress through methods such as meditation and yoga. She points to research showing that meditation can alter the biochemistry of the brain and actually help people retrain the way their brains and bodies react to stress. Meditation and yoga enable you to shift the way that your brain reacts, so if you get proficient at it youre in control.

 

F The Australian vice-president of AT Kearney, Neil Plumridge, says: “Often stress is caused by our setting unrealistic expectations of ourselves. Ill promise a client Ill do something tomorrow, and then promise another client the same thing, when I really know its not going to happen. Ive put stress on myself when I could have said to the clients:Why dont I give that to you in 48 hours? The client doesnt care.Over-committing is something people experience as an individual problem. We explain it as the result of procrastination or Parkinsons law: that work expands to fill the time available. New research indicates that people may be hard-wired to do it.

 

G A study in the February issue of the Journal of Experimental Psychology shows that people always believe they will be less busy in the future than now. This is a misapprehension, according to the authors of the report, Professor Gal Zauberman, of the University of North Carolina, and Professor John Lynch, of Duke University. “On average, an individual will be just as busy two weeks or a month from now as he or she is today. But that is not how it appears to be in everyday life, they wrote. People often make commitments long in advance that they would never make if the same commitments required immediate action. That is, they discount future time investments relatively steeply. Why do we perceive a greater surplusof time in the future than in the present? The researchers suggest that people underestimate completion times for tasks stretching into the future, and that they are bad at imagining future competition for their time.

 

Question 1-5

Use the information in the passage to match the people (listed A-D) with opinions or deeds below.

Write the appropriate letters A-D in boxes 14-18 on your answer sheet.

NB You may use any letter more than once.

A Jan Elsnera

B Vanessa Stoykov

C Gal Zauberman

D Neil Plumridge

1.Work stress usually happens in the high level of a business.

2.More peoples ideas involved would be beneficial for stress relief.

3.Temporary holiday sometimes doesnt mean less work.

4.Stress leads to a wrong direction when trying to satisfy customers.

5.It is not correct that stress in the future will be eased more than now.

Question 6-8

Choose the correct letter, A, B, C or D.

Write your answers in boxes 19-21 on your answer sheet.

6. Which of the following workplace stress is NOT mentioned according to Plumridge in the following options

A. Not enough time spend on family

B. Unable to concentrate on work

C. Inadequate time of sleep

D. Alteration of appointment

7. Which of the following solution is NOT mentioned in helping reduce the work pressure according to Plumridge

A. Allocate more personnel

B. Increase more time

C. Lower expectation

D. Do sports and massage

8. What is point of view of Jan Elsnera towards work stress

A. Medical test can only reveal part of the data needed to cope with stress

B. Index somebody samples will be abnormal in a stressful experience

C. Emotional and cognitive affection is superior to physical one

D. One well designed solution can release all stress

Question 9-14

Complete the following summary of the paragraphs of Reading Passage, using NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the Reading Passage for each answer.

Write your answers in boxes 9-14 on your answer sheet.

Statistics from National worker’s compensation indicate stress plays the most important role in 9......... which cause the time losses. Staffs take about 10........ for absence from work caused by stress. Not just time is our main concern but great expenses generated consequently. An official insurer wrote sometime that about 11...... of all claims were mental issues whereas nearly 27% costs in all claims, Sports Such as 12....... as well as 13....... could be a treatment to release stress; However, specialists recommended another practical way out, analyses 14....... once again.


Passage 3:大蜥蜴

题型:单选5+判断4+填空4

 

2020年711日雅思考试写作回顾:

小作文:表格题

大作文:Some people think that sport is very important for society. Others, however, argue that it is nothing more than a leisure activity. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

1.本次考试难度不高。

2.整体分析:

Task 1:动态表格,5个国家的oil production 变化,有时间对比,均为过去时间。

在描述这类动态图表时,需要注意表格要从两个不同角度对比图表信息,即几个国家之间产量的大小对比,和某个国家石油产量在图示时间范围的变化趋势。参考图表时间信息,作文里可以用到一般过去时态和过去完成时态。在这里给大家补充一些相关词汇句型。

l output capacity,

l drastic sevenfold,

l oil yield;

l the oil production of国家 topped the list in 年份while witnessed a considerable dip to

3.Task 2 体育类话题

题目翻译:一些人认为体育运动对社会有重要作用,而有的人认为体育运动只不过是休闲娱乐活动,讨论双方

分析点评:雅思恢复考试的第一场,整体难度不高,从话题上来说,今天的写作题属于体育类,和之前国家是否应该积极举办奥运会那题话题比较接近,是比较老的题目,上一次原题出现是2015年725日。从类型上来说,属于双边讨论类,需要注意充分讨论题干两方观点,不可以只说一方。

从结构上来说,可以采取四段式的写法:

第一段:题目改写+个人观点(可提出不同于题干的新观点)。

第二段:讨论A观点,体育运动的社会价值。

第三段:讨论B观点,体育引动作为休闲娱乐活动的价值。

第四段:总结段,表明个人观点。

主体段1:体育赛事在占据新闻媒体很大版面,各项国内和国际的体育赛事是人们持续关注的热点,dominate headlines of mediainternational sports events heated focus that gains constant public attention;对众多体育运用的关注和和参与,可以提升整体社会的健康水平 improve overall health index of one community;体育运动不分国界,打破文化隔阂,促进各国经济和文化交流regardless of their cultural backgroundreligions and races.

主体段2:对于个人来说,体育运动是很好地休闲活动,工作之余放松压力,锻炼身体;relieve the stress after heavy workloadbuild up ones figure;

对个人和对社会整体,体育运动都有不同的价值。

考试预测

1.小作文:重点关注静态图(柱图,饼图)、线图。

2.大作文:重点关注科技、媒体、社会类话题。

3.重点浏览2015-2016年写作机经,可能还会出现比较旧的原题,可借助《高分范文书》第8版经典旧题来复习。

 

2020年711日雅思考试听力回顾:

场景话题:

S1 咨询场景/ S2 科技博物馆/ S3 作业讨论/ S4 盐的历史讲座

S1填空/ S2 选择+配对/ S3 选择+配对/ S4 填空

朗阁名师陈楚仪点评

本次考试难度适中,

本场考试填空题出现在S1、S4。答案(仅供参考)如下:S1:1. 37.50  2. 20 3.playground 4. primary school 5. report  6. September 7. apron 8. family photo 9. certificate  10.  Calliope S2:11. they accepted a survey before--B 12. Cafe--B 13. plants--B 14. holding all kinds various parties--B 15. get extra income for the museum--B 16.send them electronically--C S3 21 D. Resent things happened previously 22 F. Act in a foolish way 23 G. Insight into human nature 24 A. An obedient daughter

25-26 B. Well structured (organization is very good)C. Insufficient for discussion (Do you think we have enough time for discussion? No, I don't think so.) 27-28B. Computers are not enough(so are the computers, people got to line up)C. Photocopying facilities are often inadequate(people need to wait for a long time) 29-30D. The class time is properly used.E. They find the class is very effective.

S4:31. health 32.  salary 33. forests 34.fresh meat(October交替出题) 35. king 36. beer  37. shipping 38. desert 39. concentrated  40. transport

考试预测

1. 场景方面:场景方面依然是主流场景(咨询、旅游生活场景、课程讨论、学科探讨和讲座),在接下来的考试中,考生还应将重点放在S1咨询,租房,求职 ,S2旅游,活动及公共场所设施介绍,S3课程讨论及论文写作,S4各类学科探讨和讲座。

2. 题型:本次考试题型设置较常规。S1,S4填空为主;S2,S3单选/多选和配对为主。

3. 机经:如需参考机经,以2015-2018年机经为主。

 

2020年711日雅思考试口语回顾:

Part1题目汇总

Sleep  

Fish

Insects

Discussion

Cooking  

Public transportation

Age group

Tidiness

Shopping

Jokes

History

Water Sports

.Desserts and cakes

Pen and pencil

Being alone

Science classes

Laugh

Movies

Beautiful scenery

Breaks

Work or study

Accommodation

 

Part2新题汇总

人物类:

Describe a person you are happy to know

Describe an intelligent person that you know

Describe a person who you have lived with before

Describe an interesting neighbor

Describe a friend who is a good leader

Describe a  person who came up with a new idea or invention, whom you know well.

Describe a person you want to be familiar with

Describe an old friend you enjoy talking with.

 

物品类:

Describe a subject you studied in the past

Describe a book you read recently

Describe a souvenir you bought

Describe a foreign country(culture) you want to know more about

Describe an advertisement you remember well

 

事件类:

Describe a day that you want in the future

Describe an occasion you wore the best clothes

Describe a time when someone helped you

Describe a dinner that you really enjoyed

Describe a meal you had with your friend

Describe something you want to do for a Long time but you haven 't done yet

Describe a time when you missed an appointment

Describe a time when you needed to use your imagination.

Describe the best experience of your school/ university life you have had.

地点类:

Describe a place you visited that has been affected by pollution

Describe a place where you enjoy staying in.

Describe a building that you enjoy the time being there

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