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雅思阅读:摘要题给我来自完形填空的恐惧

初次见到摘要题(summary)的小白们,可能会立刻想到曾经把脑袋掏空的完形填空:


雅思阅读摘要题:

Documentation of past weather conditions is limited: our main sources of knowledge of in the distant past are 18    and 19    .We can deduce that the Little 

Ice Age was a time of 20    , rather than of consistent freezing. Within it there were some periods of very cold winters, others of 21    and heavy rain, 

and yet others that saw 22     with no rain at all.


摧残身心的完形填空:

Those of us who choose to marry have 72    reasons why we decide to marry the person we do. There is a 73    , however in our Western,

 individualistic culture: We tend to marry for reasons that benefit ourselves, 74    for reasons that benefit the society 75    , such as found in collectivist cultures. 

Research in Western cultures has found, for example, that the number-one   76   people cite for marrying to signify a lifelong commitment 77    someone they love. 

However, this reason is not the only response to why people wed - today, people get married for reasons of commitment, security, and personal belief systems. 

The Pew Research Center’s recent findings 78   that the main reasons people get married are for 79   happiness and commitment, and bearing and missing children. 

As the date from this 80     show us, there are racial, age, and religious differences in what people 81   to be the main purposes of getting married.


摘要题真如完形填空一般恐怖么?NO!摘要题其实是耿直版的完形填空,咱们比较下两者的差别,同学们马上就会知道,摘要题就是传说中的傻狍子。

首先,题量上的差别。雅思阅读摘要题一般不超过五个空,完形填空一般是十个空。一幅被戳了五个洞的画好补一些,还是一幅被戳了十个洞的画好补一些?一目了然。

其次,考察重点不同。完形填空主要考察的是语法知识,然后才是全文理解、行文逻辑;雅思阅读摘要题首要考察的是全文理解,换言之,以文章内容为重点,

不会在语法上设置陷阱,折磨考生。只要理解了行文逻辑,那么很快就能找出答案。

不信么?来道真题看看。


题干:Documentation of past weather conditions is limited: our main sources of knowledge of conditions in the distant past are 18      and 19       .

对应原文:

Reconstructing the climate changes of the past is extremely difficult, because systematic weather observations began only a few centuries ago, 

in Europe and North America. Records from India and tropical Africa are even more recent. For the time before records began, 

we have only 'proxy records' reconstructed largely from tree rings and ice cores, ...


先来分析题干,对过去天气状况的记录是很有限的,我们对此的主要知识来源是什么和什么。题目规定所填词数不超过2个,根据语法我们可以很快判断出,

这两个空都是填名词或名词词组。对于语法的考察,仅此而已。

通过题干的past weather conditions我们定位到了原文相应句子,原文空格为并列结构,相应地,原文中出答案的句子也存在并列结构,

we have only 'proxy records' reconstructed largely from tree rings and ice cores我们只有从来自树木年轮和冰芯的“替代记录”中了解到过去的天气状况,

only这个限定词决定了tree rings and ice cores就是主要的知识来源。


综上可以看出,摘要题主要考察的是对文章内容的理解,只要理清了题干的逻辑,知道要找的词是什么词性,大概是什么内容,比如空格处要填的是Tracy老师最喜欢的男明星,

那么我们就知道,空格处词性是名词,而且是人名,回到原文搜索到彭于晏就OK了。


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